Türkiye is going through an alarming drought disaster because the nation experiences a big decline in precipitation. In line with the August 2023 Spatial Precipitation Report launched just lately by the Basic Directorate of Meteorology, the nation’s precipitation has decreased by 57% when in comparison with the common of the final 33 years (1991-2021) and by a dire 60% in comparison with the earlier 12 months’s August rainfall.
The report identifies the meteorological drought as a widespread challenge, affecting almost your entire Marmara and Black Sea areas, together with most different areas, with the classification of a “extreme drought (emergency).”
The declining precipitation in August is attributed to elements linked to the continuing local weather disaster, which is more and more felt worldwide because of the affect of the El Nino warmth phenomenon and its penalties. In August 2023, Türkiye witnessed a median rainfall of solely 6.4 millimeters in comparison with the August norm of 14.8 millimeters (1991-2021) and an much more vital 60% drop in comparison with August 2022’s rainfall of 16.1 millimeters.
In line with the report, some components of Izmir, Aydın, Denizli, Muğla, Antalya and Mersin are categorized as “regular and above” common with no imminent drought threat. Equally, areas equivalent to Erzincan-Tunceli, Muş, Bitlis, Van, Siirt and their environment are additionally labeled as “regular and above,” indicating a comparatively decrease drought threat.
The common variety of wet days in August throughout Türkiye dropped to 2.6 days, in comparison with the same old three days. The areas and provinces with the best variety of wet days included the japanese Black Sea area, Erzincan, Erzurum, Kars, Ardahan, Ağrı and Iğdır, with 5 to 10 days of rain, and Trabzon and Rize with 10 to fifteen days.
In an in depth breakdown of regional figures, Marmara’s August precipitation of 5 millimeters represented a extreme 74% drop from the norm of 19 millimeters and a 90% lower from the earlier 12 months’s 47.5 millimeters.
The Aegean area noticed August rainfall of 4.1 millimeters, a 63% lower from the common of 10.9 millimeters and an 86% lower in comparison with August 2022’s 29.2 millimeters.
Equally, the Mediterranean area reported 5.8 millimeters of rainfall, marking a 26% lower from the norm of seven.9 millimeters and a 36% decline from August 2022’s 9.1 millimeters.
In central Anatolia, August precipitation measured 3.5 millimeters, representing a big 66% lower from the norm of 10.1 millimeters and final 12 months’s August rainfall of 10.3 millimeters.
The Black Sea area, recognized for its larger precipitation ranges, additionally confronted a disaster with 13.8 millimeters of August rainfall, marking a considerable 64% lower from the norm of 38.5 millimeters and a 52% drop in comparison with August 2022’s 28.8 millimeters.
Japanese Anatolia recorded 7.4 millimeters of August rainfall, marking a 31% lower from the norm of 10.7 millimeters however greater than a 100% enhance in comparison with the earlier 12 months’s 3.4 millimeters.
In southeastern Anatolia, August precipitation was 1.6 millimeters, a minor 3% lower from the norm of 1.7 millimeters however a big 78% enhance from August 2022’s 0.9 millimeters.